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研究局(农业)
显着的研究成就

阿萨姆邦的农业被认为是最有价值的企业,在2016 - 17年度期间,州经济的关键性角色贡献了大约19%的国家国内生产总值(GSDP),直接或间接地占据了约70%的人口。阿萨姆邦农业大学(AAU)是印度东北部的主要机构,一直致力于生产具有全球竞争性的人力资源,并在边境地区进行农业研究,并将生成的技术传播到国家最深的国家,以将农业和食品的可持续性带入农业和食品的可持续性对不断增长的人群的安全。强调阿萨姆邦的农业发展,在独立前时代也通过建立了西隆的实验农场(现为梅加拉亚邦),在1897年期间通过稻米实验站进行了真正的进步和Titabar分别在1913年和1923年。随后在现在的每种农业生态状况中建立了研究站,六个区域农业研究站(RARS),即Titabor,Karimganj,Diphu,Gossaigaon,Shillongoni和North Lakhimpur一直在运作,直到运作为重要的农作物,更具体地说,黄麻,豆类,油料种子等,以及五个商品研究站(CRS)。Buralikson,Tinsukia,Kahikuchi,Byrnihat和Mandira在AAU下运作。The University follows a well defined Research Management System to carryout need based, demand driven, situation specific and problem oriented research based on information collected by the scientists from the farmers’ fields and also on the basis of the feedback received from the line departments of the state government. Apart from several state funded research projects, more than three hundred externally funded competitive research projects have been successfully completed so far and 117 competitive agricultural research projects begged from different organizations and institutes like Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Department of Science and Technology (DST), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Board of Research in Nuclear Science (BRNS), etc. are in operation till date including 44 numbers of All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) / All India Network Projects (AINP) on different agricultural subject matter areas under Directorate of Research (Agri.), AAU, Jorhat. Recently, the University has been associated as one of the implementing agencies of Assam Agribusiness and Rural Transformation Project (APART) aiming to add value and improve resilience of selected agriculture value chains, focusing on smallholder farmers and agro-entrepreneurs in targeted districts of the State of Assam in collaboration with several state and international agencies and institutes like IRRI, CIP, World Vegetable Centre, World Fish Centre, etc. with the financial assistance from Govt. of Assam and World Bank. AAU has also been successfully implementing Schedule Tribe Community Project (earlier Tribal Sub-Plan) to improve livelihood of the tribal peoples of Assam. The AAU under the aegis of Oil India Limited (OIL) has been implementing a project on Augmentation of agriculture through efficient resource utilization with participatory approach since 2017 in addition to couple of projects on marketing and post harvest loss management of medicinal plants with the financial assistance from Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India. Recently, AAU has been implementing an collaborative research and developmental research programme in collaboration with Norway Government for the livelihood upliftment of small and marginal rice farmers of Assam. Through this strong research network across the state of Assam, a good number of modern agricultural technologies has been developed, recommended and included in package of practices for the farmers to uplift the agricultural crop production in Assam and rural livelihood in particular. Significant research achievements so far achieved in different fields of agriculture sciences has been discussed below.

大米是主食作物,在过去的五十年中,要大大重视阿萨姆邦的水稻种植技术差距,并且通过对植物育种和遗传学的广泛研究,AAU能够完全开发113个数量的农作物品种以及2个数字以及2个数字手机万博manbetx官网动物品种和1种具有理想特征的家禽品种满足了各种农业社区的需求,并在该州的六个农业气候情况下被很好地采用,有几个人在释放或通知。在AAU的总繁殖种类中,有55种品种属于米饭,7绿色克,7个黑克,2扁豆,8个Toria,2芝麻,8种甘蔗,2黄麻,2种草料,2种草料和20种蔬菜。

在AAU繁殖的水稻品种中,最有前途的是Sali或冬季大米品种,例如Ranjit和Bahadur和Ahu,或Ahu或秋季大米品种,例如Lachit,Luit和Chilarai,它们不仅在阿萨姆邦广泛地生长,而且在邻国也很受欢迎。AAU还开发了Boro或夏季大米品种,例如Jaymoti,Bishnuprasad,Jyotiprasad,Dinanath,Swarnabh和Kanaklata,在很大程度上取代了传统的水稻品种。诸如Joymati和Kanaklata之类的品种也以其冷耐受能力而闻名。此外,还与其他一些品种一起释放了几种Bao或Deep Water水稻品种,例如Padmapani,Padmanath和Panindra。Jalashree,Jalkunwari和Plaban适合在山洪情况下生长,并且可以承受长达15天的淹没。还已经确定了称为Sub-1的水稻的淹没耐受性基因,并已纳入了一些高产的水稻品种,这些品种导致了Ranjit Sub-1和Swarna Sub-1等品种的发展,这些品种现在在农业社区中变得流行。潜在的产量范围为6.5至7.0 t/ha。此外,AAU还开发了诸手机万博manbetx官网如Gitesh和Prafulla之类的大米品种,这些品种建议将其用于60天的交错种植。最近,三个新的米品种。在印度公报中通知了Dehangi,Rongkhang和Inglonkiri,并建议在直接播种应力条件下在阿萨姆邦的山区种植。 A high yielding Bora or glutinous rice variety called Aghoni was also developed by the University along with an improved premium or scented rice variety called Ketekijoha, which got popularity in the export market of the nation. Another three high yielding varieties of rice namely Disang, Dikhow and Kolong has been recommended for growing under the pre and post flood situations, so as to combat the heavy loss to rice crop grown during Kharif season caused by recurrent flood every year. Amongst the 8 newly developed rice varieties two viz., Shraboni and Mulagabhoru are high yielding (4500-5000 kg/ha) and multiple resistant medium duration varieties and another 4 varieties viz., Chakra lahi, Diphalu, Dhansiri and Manah are high yielding long duration varieties suitable for growing in waterlogged situation. Moreover, Panchanan has been developed as a deepwater variety and Haccha has been recommended as a short duration variety suitable for growing both as direct seeded upland and transplanted crop during ahu season. Apart from AAU bred rice varieties like TTB-404 and Gitesh with high Zn of as high as 45 ppm, a few promising cultures with high Zn and Fe content in brown rice have also been identified.

除了大米外,还取得了国家重要性的新作物种类的成就,尤其是,两种小麦的发展,即DBW -14和Huw-468,较短的作物持续时间可以逃避在季风前雨水的较短时间收获时间。此外,迄今为止,在TS-36,TS -38,TS-46和TS-67中已经开发了六种Rapeseed,并在整个东北地区越来越受欢迎。Rapeseed品种TS-67可以播种到12月的第二周,而不会显着降低产量,因此最好适合米牛油种植序列。最近发布的品种Jeuti和TS 67适用于稻田中的延迟播种。最近,AAU通过其强大的研究机制开发了11种脉冲品种,其中包括3种绿色格,6个黑人和2个是小扁豆品种。建议在夏季和哈里夫季节使用Greengram品种SGC 16,而SGC 20和Sonai建议在具有Cercospora Leaf Spot(CLS)和黄色马赛克病毒(YMV)耐药能力的Kharif季节。建议使用黑人格拉姆品种Beki和Kolong用于晚期播种状况,而Sonkush,Manas,SBC 40和SBC 47等品种则用于正常播种。此外,AAU首手机万博manbetx官网次开发了两个小扁豆品种,即Axom Masur 1和Axom Masur 2,并建议在阿萨姆邦生长,潜在的Q/ha势值为10.0 q/ha,持续时间为115-120天。此外,两个植物豌豆基因型的局部集合-BAC 1和BAC 2分别显示出明显的希望,分别为2015.40和1985.30 kg/ha。 AAU bred Sesame variety - AST-1 has been getting popularity amongst the farmers with a potential yield of 8-10 q/ha and 80-90 days to maturity.

此外,已经与国际机构合作开发了对Pod Borer的转基因鹰嘴豆线,Helicoverpa Armigera已与国际机构合作开发,并通过一家私人种子公司(M/s。SungroSeeds,India)通过非批准的许可证启动了印度的评估和商业化。以及通过MTA等公共组织,例如IPRISAT IIPR,PAU,UAS,DHARWAD,以进一步评估和渗入繁殖。此外,还在进行有关转基因Bruchid耐鹰嘴豆系的发展的研究。研究工作还将开发转基因BT-PIGEON PEA和BT-BLACKGRAM LINE。

看到阿萨姆邦(Assam)特殊口袋的黄麻种植前景,诸如AAU开发的Tarun和Apeswaree之类的品种已得到全国认可,并在国家一级被推荐针对该国所有黄麻种植状态。AAU繁殖黄麻品种,Apeswaree的屈服电位为25.0 Q/ha,并且对茎腐烂和根腐烂具有抗性。在甘蔗中,AAU能够开发手机万博manbetx官网8种甘蔗品种,并鉴定出具有所需特征的几个克隆,这些克隆沉积在哥印拜陀的SBI。最杰出的是Nambor,Kapilipar和Doiyang。最近,AAU繁殖手机万博manbetx官网品种Cobln-04174被释放,并推荐给东北地区。此外,还为阿萨姆邦的农民开发并推荐了定居和优质的制作技术。AAU繁殖的Lathyrus品种 - 最近也推荐了Madhuri在阿萨姆邦的种植。另一种AAU饲料稻草品种 - 国家种子小组委员会推荐Shyamalima在阿萨姆邦的重新发布。

在园艺作物科学中,已经开发了“低成本多屋”技术,并完善了淡季蔬菜和花卉生产的包装。此外,已经开发出用于菠萝,橙色和番茄长途运输的包装技术,以扩大可腐烂蔬菜的保质期,这也适用于商业花卉植物,并转移到私人企业家和商业公司以供大量使用。AAU在该州的农业社区表现出广泛的可接受性,开发了水果和蔬菜的蒸发冷却量储存结构。三个椰子品种。Kamrupa,Assam Green Tall和Kahikuchi Hybrid-1,两个生姜品种。纳迪亚(Nadia)和莫兰(Moran),四个结核病品种。Shringer,Prajwal,Suhashini和Vaibhav,两个Gerbera品种,即红色宝石和红色君主以及六种香蕉类型。Kanaibachi,Bhatratmuni,Hatidat,Wane Kanch,Garomaina和Honda已推荐通过广泛的研发活动在阿萨姆邦进行商业种植。AAU还为Assam的农民开发了Brinjal Viz。,JC-1,JC-2,JC-1,JC-2,JC-1,JC-2。

还建议两个AAU繁殖的Amaranth。

AAU一直从事园艺作物的优质种植材料的供应,并能够通过建立组织培养物种植材料生产单元来建立组织培养香蕉种植材料的大规模繁殖方案。在Khasi普通话中,在发现CRS-4有希望的情况下发现了十二种精英基因型。此外,AAU已经手机万博manbetx官网开发了卡西普通话中柑橘衰落疾病的复兴计划,这导致了阿萨姆邦的橙色产量增强。

在综合养分管理(INM)领域,针对主要和重要农作物的适当营养计划以一种实践的形式制定和建议。AAU自然资源管理的研究还导致了3种本地微生物菌株(AZ71),Azotobacter(Azo52)和PSB(5W)(5W),并移交给了几家商业公司,以大规模生产和供应生物量的生产和供应生物效率。满足有机农业下的需求。鉴于促进有机农业,AAU一直从事液体生物形成的开发和生产,例如org-trichojal,手机万博manbetx官网org-vertijal,org-vertijal,org-beauverijal和metajal以及固体生物形成,例如BioFor-pf和Biiozin-ptb通常被称为Jaiva Kiran,不仅可以控制蔬菜中的几种可怕的疾病,包括番茄,马铃薯,盐水,辣椒,辣椒,生姜,卷心菜,花椰菜等,而且还有害虫在攻击几种农作物。液体生物制定技术已经移交给M/s。绿色生物技术生态溶液列兵。有限公司的商业化,并在阿萨姆邦和印度东北部的农业农民中流行。已经开发了一种基于滑石的毛d虫的突变体分离物的配方,用于管理由硬核核苷酸引起的白腐病。从大米HISPA,Dicladispa Armigera分离出Beauveria bassiana的局部菌株,并在固体培养基中开发了低成本的质量生产技术。 Through an extensive research at AAU, several bio-control agents like Trichogramma joaponicum and T. chilinis against rice pests and Neochetina eichhorniae and N. bruchi against water hyacinth weed have been recommended. AAU has also been constantly engaged in large scale mass production and timely supply of Trichogramma joaponicum and T. chilinis for successful for control of rice insect pests.

文化实践的精确时间表,例如播种时间和种植方法,最佳种子率,植物种群和种植几何形状,灌溉时间表,杂草管理实践和营养管理技术,例如肥料剂量,应用的时间和方法,有机和无机药物的整合。这些建议记录在农业社区以及形式小册子中的扩展人员 - “哈里夫作物实践的包装”和“狂犬作物实践的包装”。

社区科学领域的AAU产生了几种技术,其中最重要的是一种谷物的断奶食品,称为“阿萨姆混合物”,这已被资源贫穷的农户发现了这种方法。AAU已经将这项技术移交给了许多商业公司,以使该地区的所有有需要的人都可以使用。硝化传统食品。“ Bhurbhuria Pitha和“ Pat Pitha”已经完成并普及了。从土著植物中的天然染料提取和利用方面,也已经开发出来使纺织业更加环保。在收获后技术的开发方面,使用“垫子苗圃”和谷物传播工具 - 由AAU开发的“ Lakhimi”提高了农场妇女的效率,并在更大程度上降低了繁琐的效率。香蕉纤维提取技术已被标准化,因此从香蕉中提取的纤维可以与其他天然纤维混合,并可以实现适当的副产品管理。开发了对女性友好的农业工人“库胡纳”(Kuhuna),以减少苦苦挣扎,并简化了茶篮。此外,还为阿萨姆邦资源贫乏的农场家庭开发和验证了无烟烹饪燃烧器,称为“无烟丘拉”。

由于持续不断的研究,通过在渔业科学中开发了11种综合农业系统模型,通过合适的农作物,鱼类和牲畜组成部分进行了合适的整合,并建议为阿萨姆邦的农民提供。Jorhat AAU的渔业研究中心通过提供优质的栽培鱼种子来支持阿萨姆邦的农民。已经开发了一个名为“寿司”的低成本鱼饲料,并用于促进阿萨姆邦的养鱼。在这一系列中,另一个值得注意的成就是通过诱导的繁殖在猫鱼种子生产“ Magur”(Clarias batrachus)中的技术发展。

尽管阿萨姆邦农业大学一直在不断地支持农业领域,尽管对现代有效的技术的持续不断发展,以最大程度地减少增加农业生产的技术障碍,但仍应通过有效的研究和开发来解决多个钥匙的技术进步,以最大程度地减少一个大型的研究gap between yield potentials and actual yields of many crops in farmers’ field. Thus, AAU has prepared an action plan and selected several key areas of agriculture to promote more intensive in-depth research and developments with suitable integration of modern technologies to double the farmers’ income and to promote the livelihood of the farming community.